The spring flowers give way to purplish drupes that attract birds. Do not eat the seed if it is too bitter - see the notes above on toxicity. Read on for tips on how to prune a purple leaf sand cherry. Commercial specimens are typically grafted to a rootstock from any of a number of other species, which will influence their growth form and final height. The Nanking cherry is very popular as an edible bush cherry but its actually a different species than sand cherry. Keep an eye out for telltale signs of pests, like lacy or hole-ridden leaves and the browning or withering of foliage. Leaf Surface - Smooth, glabrous. The Purple-leaf Sand Cherry is a classic medium-sized deciduous shrub with striking reddish-purple leaves. Love the colors so far, should get better as the plants fill out. Edible parts of Purple-Leaf Sand Cherry: Fruit - raw or cooked. Prunus × cistena was developed by Niels Ebbesen Hansen in 1910. [1] A leggy bush or shrubby tree, it typically reaches a height of 1.5–2.5 meters and has a useful life of 10–20 years. The tough hybrid doesn’t blink at droughts, hot summers, or cold winters. Purple leaf sand cherry (Prunus x cistena) is a hardy shrub that belongs to the rose family. The light pink and white flowers are soon replaced by black or purple fruits come mid-summer. [3], "Nazareth College, Purpleleaf Sand Cherry, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prunus_×_cistena&oldid=975573224, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 August 2020, at 08:01. It has a good purplish leaf color throughout summer. By using The Spruce, you accept our, How to Grow Mexican Hat Plants (Ratibida columnifera), Weeping Cherry Trees and Other Cascading Trees, 19 Flowering, Fruiting Trees and Shrubs From the Prunus Genus, Purple Shamrock Plant Profile (Black Oxalis), 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 17 Types of Flowering Trees for Home Landscaping. Because of this, the purpleleaf sand cherry makes an excellent contrast tree. Purple-leaf sand cherry grows best in a semi-dry, fertile soil transplanting easily, and tolerating a wide range of soil types and conditions. Typically, the purple leaf sand cherry grows to be between six and ten feet tall, making it a nice medium-size plant suited to most gardens. The purple leaves are also larger, but the flowers are as per the species. It is widespread in eastern and central Canada from New Brunswick west to Saskatchewan and the northern United States from Maine to Montana, south as far as Colorado, Kansas, Indiana, and Virginia, with a few isolated populations in Tennessee and Utah. The fruit contains a single large seed. A leggy bush or shrubby tree, it typically reaches a height of 1.5–2.5 meters and has a useful life of 10–20 years. Grows to be around 8-10' tall and wide. New York's official state tree is the Sugar Maple. The Purpleleaf Sand Cherry is mostly valued for its reddish-purple foliage, fragrant white and pink spring flowers, and purple-black fruit (8). Expand. Habitat. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. Because of this, the purpleleaf sand cherry makes an excellent contrast tree. It starts out like a brown spot and eventually the whole leaf … The pear sawfly can also damage the leaves of purpleleaf sandcherry. Purple Leaf Sand Cherry (Prunus x cistena) Purple Leaf Sand Cherry (Prunus x cistena) This was the first season of bloom for this plant. Purple Leaf Sand Cherry blossoms. With occasional irrigation and pruning, you can expect year-round resiliency. You won't really need to worry when it comes to maintaining the right temperature for your purple leaf sand cherry. Another great way to showcase the charm of Purpleleaf Sand Cherry trees is to use them in small groupings and mixed borders. The Purpleleaf Sandcherry is a beautiful shrub with rich purple-red leaves. This easy care plant makes a great addition to the landscape. It is short-lived and prone to significant insect and disease problems. Like any plant, the purple leaf sand cherry can benefit from the added nutrients fertilizer provides, but it is by no means necessary if you have the proper soil conditions. However, this can also be trained as a small tree if desired. [2] In 1993 it won the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The plant is pretty much all-weather hardy, able to withstand a wide variety of temperatures through both summer and winter, though plants grown in consistently colder weather may be smaller and produce fewer blooms. If you're on the hunt for a beautiful flowering ornamental perfect for any landscape, the purple leaf sand cherry may be just what you're looking for. Among purple-leafed shrubs, the Sand Cherry distinguishes itself by surviving nearly everywhere in the U.S. (Zones 3-8). You can expect the purple leaf sand cherry to bloom each spring after the foliage emerges. Leaf Length - 1 to 2 inches. Sand cherry fruit is usually dark purple to black in color, indicating high anthocyanin levels, which suggest high antioxidant levels. https://www.thespruce.com/purple-leaf-sand-cherry-growing-profile-3269234 Additionally, its branches are prone to frost cracks. The level of pH isn't important to the plant, but the drainage is, as its roots live close to the surface and are susceptible to rot. When the plant is young it has an oval shape and will arch and open more widely from in the center as it reaches maturity. Love the colors so far, should get better as the plants fill out. Prized for fruit, flower and foliage! Always remove any branches or twigs that are damaged or dead. Pruning should be done as needed after the flowers come in spring in order to maintain a tighter oval shape. Still, you can fertilizer the plan every spring using a general, all-purpose mixture. The purple leaf sand cherry is also at risk for several diseases, including honey fungus, verticillium wilt, black knot, cankers, powdery mildew, leaf spot, and bacterial leaf scorch. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. An easy-to-care-for landscape plant, purple leaf sand cherry can grow in a wide variety of soils and conditions. Though adaptable to many different mixtures of soil, the purple leaf sand cherry thrives best in a moist but well-draining soil composition. They grow similarly though if that is your only option. Flower Color - White. The Purple Leaf Plum Hedge is a thick-growing, long-lived hedge that is sometimes called he Purple Leaf Sand Cherry. This shrub needs well-drained soil and prefers moist rich loams in full sun. I have planted purple de oro around the base. Purple Leaf Sand Cherry is a deciduous shrub in the rose family that matures at around 8 feet tall and wide. Crabapples (Malus sp.) Other pests include the peachtree borer, scale, fall webworm, aphids, mealybugs, and tent caterpillars. If it receives too much shade, the leaves will change to a bronze-green color too early on in the season (it normally happens in the fall). Though it prefers well-drained soil and a good dose of sunshine, it can pretty much adapt to any weather condition present in USDA hardiness zones three through eight. Prunus × cistena, the purple leaf sand cherry or dwarf red-leaf plum, is a hybrid species of prune-cherry, the result of a cross between Prunus cerasifera (cherry plum or myrobalan plum) and Prunus pumila (sand cherry). ... blackish, purple fruit; Propagation. The sand cherry tree is known for its purple leaves and white/pink spring blossoms. 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